Psychology

What are the great psychological problems of our time

Surely you have heard about the diseases of the 21st century. Diseases that although before they knew it has been in this century when they have been increasing more and more, reaching millions of people around the world. When talking about these diseases we are referring to the psychological disorders that are increasingly frequent Among our contemporaries.

So much so that even those who write this article suffer from one of these disorders, specifically anxiety. And yet, despite being increasingly common, they remain big strangers and continues to be a little taboo talk about them. Luckily, numerous public personalities, such as celebrities such as Demi Lovato or Selena Gomez, have begun to talk openly about them, opening a path to normalization.

The rise of psychological disorders in the new generations

Research conducted regarding the prevalence of mental illness and psychological disorders among young people has found that young people today suffer more than their previous generations. Thus, between 2005 and 2017, a significant increase in mental health problems has been found in relation to previous generations.

Among children and young people (12 to 25 years old) in the United States, symptoms of depression have increased to 52% of them. Among other things, it is considered that the causes of this increase may be, in part, related to a greater willingness of young people today to admit that they are suffering, compared to previous generations.

However, this cause does not explain everything. A report by the Official College of Psychologists of Spain (COP) indicates that parental economic problems and the consequences of the economic crisis They could be affecting the development of disorders. The socioeconomic risk of families is associated with an increased risk of anxiety, depression and other disorders.

In addition, in up to 28% of cases, children and young people suffering from mental disorders have parents who also suffer or have suffered from some type of mental illness. In some cases, the little responsible use of social networks - more than four hours a day - also it was related to a higher risk of suffering from these diseases. In any case, this little responsible use can also be related to other family problems.

Most common psychological disorders

In 2017 the World Health Organization (WHO) made a report with the most common mental illnesses in recent years and its prevalence in the population. These are some of them.

Depressive disorder

According to WHO data, depression is a disease that affects about 300 million people in the world. Specifically, it is a disease that affects women to a greater extent. Depressive disorder is part of what is known as mood disorders, including bipolar disorder.

In the case of depressive disorder, the affected people not only have significant sadness, but also suffer other symptoms such as loss of interest for the things that used to cause him enjoyment and pleasure, difficulties to enjoy, low self-esteem, habitual feelings of guilt, trouble sleeping, tiredness and habitual apathy, etc.

Anxiety disorders

Some research has found that around 10% of the world's population suffers from some type of anxiety disorder. In this group we find not only generalized anxiety disorder, but also panic attacks, phobias, social anxiety or posttraumatic stress.

Among them, the ones that seem to affect the most are phobias and generalized anxiety. In the case of phobias we find an irrational fear of the specific phobic object and are not able to tolerate it, which usually causes make use of non-adaptive strategies such as avoidance. These people can see their affected life and generate some inability to make their usual life.

When it comes to anxiety disorder, it is a constant concern and a feeling of continued anxiety that affects our normal life, interferes with it. and even incapacitates us. It is characterized by a constant worry, fear that something bad will happen at any time and that causes problems sleeping, fatigue, nausea, lack of concentration, tension, etc.

Eating disorder

A few days ago we talked about orthorexia, one of the least known eating disorders. Together with anorexia and bulimia, they are one of the most common psychological disorders in recent years. In the case of anorexia, the person presents a significant distortion of their own body image, which leads to control the food they eat very strictly, coming to feel a lot of guilt when they consume some food.

In the case of bulimia they do eat food, but the relationship with it is inadequate. That is why they can consume food in a massive way and then make use of vomit or laxatives, so as to eliminate the calories they have ingested. This disorder It is accompanied by great feelings of guilt, self-pity, moodiness, etc.

These are behaviors that seriously affect the people who suffer them and that put your life and personal well-being at risk. In no case is it a valid or healthy method to lose weight and implies a very bad and insecure relationship with food.

The psychological and medical help

Luckily, all these disorders have treatment and, in some cases, associations that can help us cope. If we feel there are some situation or emotion in our life that is surpassing us, which makes it difficult for us to live a normal life or that causes us discomfort, we can go to our GP and seek help from a psychology professional.

These specialists tell us what happens to us and They will provide us with the best treatment for our case. In addition, if we wish, we can contact the associations of our autonomous communities that work with situations similar to ours. The most important thing we need to know is that we are not alone and can ask for help.

Video: Psychological Disorders: Crash Course Psychology #28 (November 2019).